German

See also: german and Germán

English

Wiktionary
German edition of Wiktionary
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Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin Germanus, Germani(the peoples of Germania), as distinct from Gauls (in the writings of Caesar and Tacitus), and of uncertain ultimate origin (possibly Celtic/ Gaulish).

Not related to the Latin adjective germānus (whence the English words german and germane, through Old French). Attested since at least 1520. Replaced the older terms Almain and Dutch in English.

Pronunciation

Noun

German ‎(plural Germans)

  1. A native or inhabitant of Germany; a person of German citizenship or nationality.
  2. A member of the Germanic ethnic group which is the most populous ethnic group in Germany; a person of German descent.
  3. ( historical) A member of a Germanic tribe.
    Rome was sacked by Germans and the Western Roman Empire collapsed.
  4. ( uncountable, US printing, rare, dated) A size of type between American and Saxon, 1½- point type.

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Hypernyms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Proper noun

German

  1. An Indo-European ( Indo-Germanic) language, primarily spoken in Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, South Tyrol, Switzerland, Luxembourg, and a small part of Belgium.
    German has three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.

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Translations

See also

Adjective

German ‎( comparative more German, superlative most German or Germanest)

  1. Of or relating to the nation of Germany.
    • 2001, Donald L. Niewyk, The Jews in Weimar Germany, ISBN 0765806924, page 31:
      In Prussia, always the most progressive of the German states during the Weimar years and a stronghold of the two parties, Jews could be found in virtually all administrative departments [] .
  2. Of or relating to the natives or inhabitants of Germany; to people of German descent.
    Her German husband has blond hair.
  3. Of, in or relating to the German language.
    We take German classes twice a week.
    Because the instructions were German, Yves couldn't read them.

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Derived terms

Translations

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: waiting · political · reading · #775: German · seven · notice · week

External links

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