成る

  • japanese

Japanese

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Verb

成る (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana なる, rōmaji naru)

  1. to be achieved; to be completed
    ついに () (れん) ()なる
    tsui ni go renpa ga naru
    Finally they are winning their fifth consecutive championship.
     (ねん) (がん)なって一人 (ひとり) ()ちする
    nengan natte hitoridachi suru
    He realized his wish to live his own life.
  2. なる: to become; to change into
     (こおり) (みず)なる
    kōri ga mizu ni naru
    The ice becomes water.
     ()なり (にく)なる
    chi to nari niku to naru
    It becomes blood and flesh.
     (わたし) (せん) (せい)なります
    Watashi wa sensei ni narimasu.
    I will become a teacher.
    コーヒーが (つめ)たくなりました
    Kōhī ga tsumetaku narimashita.
    The coffee got cold.
  3. (impersonal) to reach a time; to get to a timepoint
    八時 (はちじ)なった
    hachiji ni natta
    It has reached 8 o'clock.
  4. to reach an amount/quantity
     () ()げると (さん)メートルにもなる
    tsumiageru to san mētoru ni mo naru
    It can pile up to 3 metres high.
     (ぜん) () (せん) (えん)なる
    zenbu de sen'en ni naru
    1000 yen in total.
  5. (honorific) In the form of "  ()/ () + verbal noun + なる ", a honorific form of the verb.
    Antonym: する
    Synonym: なさる
     (やす) (yasumu, to rest) -  (やす)みになる (o yasumi ni naru, to rest, honorific)
     (ほう) (もん)する (hōmon suru, to visit) -  (ほう) (もん)になる (go hōmon ni naru, to visit, honorific)


Usage notes

  • This term is often spelled in hiragana.
  • なる corresponds to the English verb "become". When a noun or an adjectival noun (na-adjective) precedes なる it is followed by .
     (くるま)になる
    kuruma ni naru
    become a car
     () (れい)になる
    kirei ni naru
    become beautiful
  • When an adjective (i-adjective) precedes なる it appears in its - form.
     (やさ)しくなる
    yasashiku naru
    become kind

Conjugation

References

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
Other Languages
Afrikaans: 成る
français: 成る
ລາວ: 成る
lietuvių: 成る
Limburgs: 成る
Malagasy: 成る
日本語: 成る
ᏣᎳᎩ: 成る
中文: 成る